This is a summary review of Getting Things Done containing key details about the book.
What is Getting Things Done About?
In Getting Things Done (GTD), veteran coach and management consultant David Allen shares methods for stress-free performance. Allen's premise is simple: our productivity is directly proportional to our ability to relax. GTD is based on storing, tracking, and retrieving the information related to the things that need to get done. Only when our minds are clear and our thoughts are organized can we achieve effective productivity and unleash our creative potential.
Who is the author of Getting Things Done?
David Allen is president of The David Allen Company and has more than twenty years of experience as a consultant and executive coach for such organizations as Microsoft, the Ford Foundation, L.L.Bean, and the World Bank. His work has been featured in Fast Company, Fortune, Atlantic Monthly, O, and many other publications.
How long is Getting Things Done?
- Print length: 267 pages
- Audiobook: 10 hrs and 23 mins
What Genres is Getting Things Done?
Self-Help, Personal Growth, Business, Economics, Time Management, Career Success
What are key takeaways from Getting Things Done?
Takeaway #1 The GTD System
GTD stands for Getting Things Done. It's a system for stress-free productivity that doesn't allow for overwhelm when you have a to do list as long as your arm. At its simplest, the 5 step GTD system teaches you how to do more whilst staying focused across both your personal and professional life.
Takeaway #2 Taking The Weight Off Your Mind
Do you try to juggle multiple tasks each and every day but get sidetracked by more tasks coming in, your brain chock full of information for your 'to do list' yet it not uncommon for you to forget something? The problem is that you're relying on your brain to remember everything. Take a weight off your mind literally by setting up your cockpit or control centre and making notes of everything.
Takeaway #3 Setting Up Your Cockpit
You need to create workspaces at home and at work for the GTD system to work, commuters benefiting from a mobile setup that goes with them. Your workspace (aka your cockpit!) needs to be solely for your use and large enough for you to write whilst holding a physical in-tray and out-tray, a diary, and stationery supplies such as post-it notes and folders. This physical space may also contain your PC or laptop where you'll have a digital version of your filing system.
Takeaway #4 The 5 Step GTD System
1. Record all of your ideas, important information, and to-do list items in a notebook or digitally. Everything you need and want to do, everything you need to remember, and everything that requires a decision, planning, or an action gets recorded. This might include writing a speech, a business idea, a gift you need to buy, a reminder to make a dentist appointment, vacation ideas, books you want to read and so on.
2. Get clear by going through your lists/notes once a week and clarifying what each item is, the desired end result, and whether it's actionable. Some tasks may take several actions to complete making it a task that you keep working at ie 'organise birthday party' but other times the action steps will be one time ie 'phone dentist'. If the action step can be done instantly and will take less than 2 minutes, get it done now! If the action will take more than 2 minutes, and you cannot delegate it, defer it (step 3). Any non actionable tasks you come across should mean that it's something that is no longer needed (cross it out or trash it), no action is needed right now (defer it), or it's important information that you may need later (file it).
3. Organize the action steps into 3 lists - A 'projects list', a 'delegation list', and a 'next action list' for all non date/time specific items (all appointments and date/time specific tasks go straight into your diary).You can separate these long lists further by creating a 'to phone' list, a 'to buy' list' and even a 'to watch/read' list and a 'for the future' list etc.
4. Prioritize the list daily or weekly to action the most important tasks first as well as the most feasible first. It's not just about completing your immediate to do list - you should also be looking at tasks that take you closer to both your short and long term life goals.
5. Select a top action item and do it! Make sure your to do list is always on you so you can start ticking things off based on importance, time available, and energy levels.
What are the chapters in Getting Things Done?
Chapter One - A New Practice for a New Reality
Chapter Two - Getting Control fo Your Life: The Five Steps of Mastering Workflow
Chapter Three - Getting Project Creatively Under Way: The Five Phases of Project Planning
Chapter Four - Getting Started: Setting Up the Time, Space, and Tools
Chapter Five - Capturing: Corralling Your "Stuff"
Chapter Six - Clarifying: Getting "In" to Empty
Chapter Seven - Organizing: Setting Up the Right Buckets
Chapter Eight - Reflecting: Keeping It All Fresh and Functional
Chapter Nine - Engaging: Making the Best Action Choices
Chapter Ten - Getting Projects Under Control
Chapter Eleven - The Power of Capturing Habit
Chapter Twelve - The Power of the Next-Action Decision
Chapter Thirteen - The Power of Outcome Focusing
Chapter Fourteen - GTD and Cognitive Science
Chapter Fifteen - The Path of GTD Mastery
What are good quotes from Getting Things Done?
"If you don't pay appropriate attention to what has your attention, it will take more of your attention than it deserves"
"You can do anything, but not everything."
"Your mind is for having ideas, not holding them"
"Much of the stress that people feel doesn't come from having too much to do. It comes from not finishing what they've started."
"Your ability to generate power is directly proportional to your ability to relax."
"Most people feel best about their work the week before their vacation, but it's not because of the vacation itself. What do you do the last week before you leave on a big trip? You clean up, close up, clarify, and renegotiate all your agreements with yourself and others. I just suggest that you do this weekly instead of yearly."
"Anything that causes you to overreact or underreact can control you"
"You’ve got to think about the big things while you’re doing small things, so that all the small things go in the right direction."
― David Allen, Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity
What is the Getting Things Done (GTD) Method?
The GTD method rests on the idea of moving all items of interest, relevant information, issues, tasks and projects out of one's mind by recording them externally and then breaking them into actionable work items with known time limits. This allows one's attention to focus on taking action on each task listed in an external record, instead of recalling them intuitively.
Allen first demonstrates stress reduction from the method with the following exercise, centered on a task that has an unclear outcome or whose next action is not defined. Allen calls these sources of stress "open loops", "incompletes", or "stuff".
He claims stress can be reduced and productivity increased by putting reminders about everything one is not working on into a trusted system external to one's mind. In this way, one can work on the task at hand without distraction from the "incomplete".
What is the Getting Things Done (GTD) Workflow?
The GTD workflow consists of five stages: capture, clarify, organize, reflect, and engage. Once all the material ("stuff") is captured in the inbox, each item is clarified and organized. Next, reflection occurs. Finally, a task from one's task list is worked on ("engage") unless the calendar dictates otherwise.
Allen emphasizes two key elements of GTD—control and perspective. The workflow is the center of the control aspect. The goal of the control processes in GTD is to get everything except the current task out of one's head and into this trusted system external to one's mind.
Allen recommends reflection from six levels, called "Horizons of Focus":
Horizon 5: Life
Horizon 4: Long-term visions
Horizon 3: 1–2 year goals
Horizon 2: Areas of focus and accountability
Horizon 1: Current projects
Ground: Current actions
Allen recommends scheduling a weekly review, reflecting on the six different levels. The perspective gained from these reviews should drive one's priorities at the project level.
* The summary points above have been sourced and summarized from the book, Amazon, and other online publishers. The editor of this summary review made every effort to maintain the accuracy and completeness of any information, including the quotes, chapters, insights, lessons, and key takeaways.
Tal Gur is an impact-driven entrepreneur, author, and investor. After trading his daily grind for a life of his own daring design, he spent a decade pursuing 100 major life goals around the globe. His journey and most recent book, The Art of Fully Living - 1 Man, 10 Years, 100 Life Goals Around the World, has led him to found Elevate Society and other impact-driven ventures.